Traveling around Africa is not quite as easy as traveling around Europe and vaccinations will usually be required. But it is not on long roads as difficult as it may seem and if you stick to the tourist areas then you will certainly not encounter any major problems. The variety and the amazing experiences that Africa offers make it definitely worth it. Check Countryaah website for comprehensive guide to Africa and all countries within this region.
|Country||Share of tourist income in exports (percent)|
|Burkina Faso||5.7 (2014)|
|Central African Republic||–|
|Equatorial Guinea||2.2 (1996)|
|Ivory Coast||1.7 (2015)|
|Cape Verde||54.7 (2016)|
|São Tomé and Príncipe||71.6 (2016)|
|Sierra Leone||4.7 (2015)|
|South Africa||9.8 (2016)|
|South Sudan||1.8 (2016)|
- Capital: Rabat
- Population: 33 million
- Currency: Moroccan dirham
- Languages: Arabic, Amazigh, French, Spanish and Moroccan
- Phone code: +212
Morocco on the north coast of Africa a stone’s throw from Spain is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Africa and it is easy to understand why. The country offers at least as good sun and bath as Spain, and has a large number of historic cities and buildings for the culturally interested.
Tourist in Morocco
Sun and baths abound in Morocco, and it is especially the coastal city of Agadir. But what really attracts tourists to Morocco is its history – Marrakech, Casablanca, the capital Rabat and much more. Morocco offers examples of both Roman and Islamic architecture that go back a long way. For those who want to take a break from bathing there is an incredible amount to see and discover.
Vaccine in Morocco
Vaccination against hepatitis A is recommended for anyone visiting Morocco. For those who stay longer in the country than three weeks, or often visit, it is also recommended vaccination against hepatitis B. Those who stay longer than three weeks and stay away from the tourist areas may also need vaccination against typhoid.
- Capital: Maputo
- Population: 24 million (2011)
- Currency: Metical
- Language: Portuguese
- Country Code for Phone: +258
Mozambique is one of the world’s poorest countries while also being incredibly rich. For tourists, Mozambique can offer most things – sunbathing, history, and nature together with wildlife that is something out of the ordinary.
Tourist in Mozambique
The five islands that make up Bazaruto in southeastern Mozambique are one of the most popular destinations. It is a national park with fantastic coral reefs, which is made for anyone who wants to spend their holidays diving and snorkeling, although “ordinary” beach life also works great. However, Bazaruto is far from alone, but the country has several exciting national parks, as well as “ordinary” tourist resorts for those who want to sunbathe and swim most.
Vaccination in Mozambique
If you have recently visited a country where yellow fever is present, you must be certified that you are vaccinated. All visitors are also recommended to vaccinate against hepatitis A. Depending on whether you stay longer than three weeks, and how much you should be staying in the countryside and / or with the local population, vaccination against hepatitis B, cholera and typhoid can also be good. In addition, one should take medication for malaria.
- Capital: Windhoek
- Population: 2.1 million (2011)
- Currency: Namibian dollar
- Languages: English. Several regional languages, including afrikaans, german and oshiwambo
- Country code for telephone: +264
Namibia in southwestern Africa, just above South Africa, is one of the world’s best and most underrated tourist destinations, offering everything the best we associate with Africa with fantastic wildlife and a wonderful climate for those who want to sunbathe and swim.
Tourist in Namibia
Namibia has a large number of national parks where the most famous is Tosha. There you can see many of the wildlife that Africa is known for – lions, giraffes, elephants cheetahs and much more. The country’s national parks are for many the main reason to go to Namibia, and anyone who wants a real safari is highly recommended to visit the country.
Namibia also has a lot to offer those who love everything that has to do with beach and sea, and that is especially the area around the city of Swakopmund.
Vaccination in Namibia
For anyone who has recently been to a country where yellow fever occurs, a certificate of vaccination is required. In addition, all visitors should vaccinate against hepatitis A. Vaccination against hepatitis B and typhoid may also be a good idea for those who will stay longer than three weeks, and especially when one who will spend a lot of time with the locals and eat simple food. In the northern part of the country it is also important to take medicine for malaria.
- Capital: Dakar
- Population: 13.6 million (2013)
- Currency: CFA franc
- Languages: French, several local languages
- Country code for telephone: +221
Senegal is the westernmost country in Africa and is one of the most popular tourist destinations on the continent. This is not least because the country is one of Africa’s most stable democracies, making Senegal a very safe destination.
Tourist in Senegal
One of the things that mainly attracts Senegal is its seaside resorts. The country’s climate and fine beaches make it perfect for Swedes longing for the winter darkness and the cold. The resort of Saly, less than 10 km from Dakar is one of the largest and most popular among European tourists.
As for national parks, Senegal is not quite as richly equipped, but especially for birdwatchers there is a lot of exciting to see in the country.
Finally, the country’s colonial history, mainly French, which left a lot of historical interest behind, both positively and negatively – the slave trade from the area was extensive, and is a reminder of a dark past.
Vaccination against yellow fever and hepatitis A is recommended. For those who stay longer than three weeks even against hepatitis B. In addition, if you spend time with the locals, vaccination against epidemic meningitis and typhoid is also highly recommended. In addition, one should take medicines for malaria.
- Capital: Victoria
- Population: 92,000 (2012)
- Currency: Seychelles Rupee
- Languages: English, French and Creole
- Country code for telephone: +248
The Seychelles is an archipelago off the east coast of Africa, north of Madagascar, which is a very popular tourist destination. The fact is that you could be much larger, but have a limited number of visitors because you do not think that the islands would cope with too many visitors.
Tourist in Seychelles
For those looking for seas and beaches, the Seychelles are almost perfect. Wonderful beaches, fantastic coral reefs and a tropical climate mean that anyone who wants to swim, dive, snorkel or simply lie on a beach will have an amazing experience. But the islands also have an exciting nature and several attractions for those who want to get away from the beach for a while.
Vaccination in Seychelles
A certificate of vaccination against yellow fever is required for those who have visited a country where the disease is present. For all visitors, vaccination against hepatitis A is also recommended, and for those who stay longer than three weeks also hepatitis B. For those who live outside the usual tourist areas and stay longer than three weeks also against typhoid.
- Capital: Cape Town / Pretoria / Bloemfontein
- Population: 54 million (2014)
- Currency: Rand
- Languages: Afrikaans, English, Zulu, Xhosa, several other smaller languages
- Phone code: +27
Since the abolition of the apartheid system, South Africa has steadily become an increasingly popular destination for tourists. South Africa also has a breadth of its range that few other countries in Africa can match.
Tourist in South Africa
Kruger Park is one of South Africa’s most famous travel destinations. In the park there is a large number of animals, including elephants and lions, and on safaris there is a high chance of seeing a large number of animals. South Africa has more to offer, not least Cape Town, one of the world’s most beautiful and fascinating cities. Also unique to Africa are the vineyards in the western part of the country, for those who want to try real wine tourism. Diving and snorkelling is also something that goes great in South Africa, as does whale watching and shark watching and much more.
Vaccination in South Africa
Those who come from a country where yellow fever occurs need vaccination for entry. In addition, all visitors are recommended to vaccinate against hepatitis A, and anyone who stays for three weeks or more also hepatitis B. Vaccination against typhoid may be needed for those who stay at least three weeks and live a lot with the locals.
- Capital: Dodoma
- Population: 47.4 million (2014)
- Currency: Tanzanian shilling
- Language: Swahili and English
- Country code for telephone: +255
Tanzania in eastern Africa has a fast-growing tourism industry and it’s no wonder. In addition to a large amount of nature reserves, the country is also home to Kilimanjaro, Africa’s highest mountain and the opportunity for exciting sport fishing and diving.
Tourist in Tanzania
The biggest attraction in Tanzania is the Serengeti National Park, the world’s most famous. Lions, elephants, rhinos, leopards and many, many other animals are there. There is a reason why Serengeti is so famous and anyone who wants to experience a safari cannot make a better choice, but there are also several other high-class national parks in the country. For those interested in the sea and beaches, the country’s east coast has a lot to offer.
Vaccination in Tanzania
A certificate showing that you are vaccinated against yellow fever is required if you have recently been to a country where the disease is common. Medication against malaria and vaccination against hepatitis A are recommended to all visitors. Vaccination against hepatitis B for those who stay longer than three weeks, as well as for cholera and typhoid for those who are also planning to stay in rural areas and among the local population.
- Capital: Tunisian
- Population: 11 million (2014)
- Currency: Tunisian Dinar
- Language: Arabic
- Country code for telephone: +216
Tunisia can offer a lot to Swedish tourists, not least fantastic beaches on the Mediterranean coast and very interesting history, such as the ruins of Carthage. Tunisia is also one of the countries that stabilized best after the Arab Spring, and security, especially at the tourist resorts, is good.
Tourist in Tunisia
For those who want sun and bath, Tunisia is probably as good as the European countries on the other side of the Mediterranean, but with the advantage that prices are generally lower. Anyone who wants an affordable sun holiday should take a closer look at the various seaside resorts along the Mediterranean coast. The island of Djerba has to be specially mentioned here, not only for its incredible beaches but also for its many exciting buildings which are very worth seeing.
Vaccination in Tunisia
For entry, a certificate is required that you have been vaccinated against yellow fever if you have recently visited a country where the disease is present. For all visitors, vaccination against hepatitis A is also recommended. Vaccination against hepatitis B should be considered if you are going to stay longer than three weeks, and also against typhoid if you intend to stay away from the usual tourist places and eat simple food.
- Capital: Kampala
- Population: 37.9 million
- Currency: Ugandan shilling
- Languages: English and Swahili
- Phone code: +256
Uganda is a country that lacks coast, which means that you mainly visit the area to look at the wildlife, climb mountains and in other ways have a more “active” holiday. There, Uganda has a lot to offer with some things that are almost unique to the country.
Tourist in Uganda
In Uganda’s ten national parks you can see several of Africa’s large animals, such as lions, elephants and giraffes. But what is most appealing are the mountain gorillas, where Uganda is one of the few countries where you can see these almost extinct monkeys in reality. Uganda also has access to several large lakes and rivers, where you can canoe, sail and much more.
Vaccination in Uganda
Vaccination against yellow fever and hepatitis A is recommended for anyone visiting the country, as well as medicines for malaria. For those who stay longer than three weeks also vaccination against hepatitis B, and if you spend a lot with the locals also against epidemic meningitis, cholera and typhoid.
- Capital: Harare
- Population: 13 million (2012)
- Currency: US Dollars and several other currencies are used unofficially
- Languages: English, Shona and Sindebele
- Country code for telephone: +263
Although the situation in Zimbabwe is not the best, the country has a lot to offer, especially with regard to national parks. The country offers experiences that you can’t get anywhere else in Africa – or the world.
Tourist in Zimbabwe
The Victoria Falls, on the border with Zambia, is the world’s largest waterfall and a sight that impresses everyone . Even the most cynical and bored teen will light up at the sight of the mighty waterfall. But Victoria Falls is not the only thing Zimbabwe has to offer: the country has several national parks, where you can see many of Africa’s great animals such as elephants and lions.
Vaccination in Zimbabwe
If you have previously visited a country where yellow fever is present, you must have a certificate that you have been vaccinated. In addition, all visitors are recommended to vaccinate against hepatitis A and, if the stay is longer than three weeks, hepatitis B. Vaccination against cholera and typhoid is also recommended for longer stays if you will move outside the usual tourist routes. It is also important to take medication for malaria.