Canada Geography and Climate

Canada Geography and Climate

Canada is located in North America and is considered a multicultural country. The culture has been influenced by the indigenous culture of indigenous peoples as well as by the British and French. There are still Indians in Canada and they continue to influence the Canadian identity with their music and art. In the country, both English and French are official languages ​​and in 2014 a population of around 34.5 million was measured. At the same time, Canada is the world’s second largest country, after Russia, on the surface, and thus it can be said that it is a very sparsely populated country. Canada borders the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean and the United States. Via the sea, you also have a border with Greenland in the northeast. In northern Canada you almost reach the North Pole and this part of the country is part of the Arctic.

Canada is a federation with three territories and ten provinces and it functions as a parliamentary democracy with the Queen of England as head of state. However, the English monarch has a representative in Canada in the form of the country’s governor general. The capital is Ottawa and is located in Ontario. The country was colonized by Britain and France before it became a British dominion. Today, English is the dominant language in Ontario, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, the Yukon and Northwest Territories, while French is the main language in Quebec and New Brunswick, Ontario and Manitoba.

Geography and climate

Canada occupies the vast majority of North America. The country has the world’s longest coastline, and the land border with the United States is also considered the world’s longest land border. Canada has eight different forest regions and more than 30,000 lakes that supply the country with fresh water. There are also glaciers in Canada’s Rocky Mountains that also serve as an important source of freshwater. The country is geologically active with many earthquakes and volcanoes that could become active.

According to BRIDGAT.COM, the temperatures in the country vary from region to region. Many parts of the country offer tough winters. Especially in the regions where you have a continental climate and daily temperatures can be at an average of −15 ° C and where you can reach temperatures as low as −40 ° C. In inland regions, the snow can lie on the ground during half of the year and there are also areas where you have snow all year round. The British Columbia coastal area has a temperate climate with mild and rainy winters.


Canada has large natural resources in the form of fossil fuels, hydropower and nuclear energy, and the country has a high standard of living. The good economy is dependent on natural resources and also on trade with the United States. The country’s central bank is called the Bank of Canada and issues the country’s currency called the Canadian dollar. Since the early 20th century, Canada has developed into an industrial nation. Since the Second World War, economic integration with the United States has increased significantly and through various agreements, trade between the countries has been made easier. The global financial crisis in 2008 led to increased unemployment in Canada, but since 2013, the country’s economy has stabilized and trade has begun with Asia as an attempt to spread exports.

Canada Geography