Category: Africa

The highest peaks in southern Africa are in the Drakensberg Mountains of Lesotho. They are up to 3,482 m high. The Brandberg massif in Namibia has a maximum height of 2,606 m and is one of the largest elevations in southern Africa.

The Limpopo and the Orange are among the longest rivers. The Limpopo rises north of Johannesburg and has a length of 1,750 km. It flows into the Indian Ocean at Xai-Xai in Mozambique. The Oranje has a length of 2,160 km and has its source in Lesotho, flows eastwards and flows into the Atlantic Ocean.

The geography of West Africa
The west of the continent of Africa consists of numerous states, which in turn have different geographic features. In this regard, the state of Benin forms a large part of West Africa. To the south, the country is divided by the Oueme, Couffo and Niger rivers, while the highest mountain in the state towers more than 658 meters into the sky.

The country of Burkina Faso, on the other hand, has three large basins, the so-called Volta Basin having a water surface of up to 120,000 square kilometers. The Bagre Reservoir is the largest lake in the West African state. Furthermore, the highest mountain in Burkina Faso has a height of up to 750 meters, while the country as a whole is very multifaceted and mountainous.

The largest rivers in Ivory Coast are Sassandra, Bandama and Comoe, which have a total length of more than 650 kilometers. The mountain ranges in the Odienne and Man regions also have heights of up to 1500 meters, while the Ivory Coast also has nature reserves in the area of ​​landforms.

The Gambia is also located on the west coast of Africa and is one of the smallest countries in the world. The largest river in the country, also known as the Gambia, is more than 375 kilometers in length. In total, however, the Gambia has a coastline of 80 kilometers, whereby larger mountains and mountain ranges cannot be found in the Gambia. For more information about the continent of Africa, please check cheeroutdoor.com.

Ethiopia Recent History

Reign of Haile Selassie I. After the death of Empress Zauditu (1916-30), Ras Teferi Makonnen ascended the throne in 1930 as Emperor Haile Selassie I. The Italian attack on Ethiopia…

Tanzania Literature

CULTURE: LITERATURE. BANTU LANGUAGES The various Bantu languages ​​had and still have an oral literary production for whose knowledge the work Three Solid Stones (1975) by Martha Muungi is fundamental….

Egypt Economy and Communication

ECONOMY Business etiquette Islamic customs should be respected. According to aristmarketing, many business people in Egypt speak English and French, but business cards in Arabic are welcome. Suits shouldn’t be…

Zimbabwe History

Zimbabwe owes its name to a city that was probably founded around 800 and later became the center of the Bantu empire Monomotapa (see Zimbabwe ruins). In the first half…

Zambia History

Early history up to the 19th century Archaeological finds indicate that the area of ​​today’s Zambia was probably populated 50,000 to 70,000 years ago. From the 3rd century AD Bantu-speaking…

Uganda History

Kingdoms and British Protectorate In the area of ​​what is now Uganda, various kingdoms ruled until the 19th century, among which Buganda (“Ganda-Land”) held a supremacy from the 17th century….

Tunisia History

Early to modern times The area of ​​today’s Tunisia was already around 5000 to 1300 BC. settled by tribes from the Central Sahara. The Berber people descended from these groups….

Tanzania History

Early history According to archaeological finds, the area of ​​today’s Tanzania is one of the oldest settlement areas of mankind. For example, skull bones of the so-called prehistoric man (Australopithecus…

Swaziland History

The territory of the Kingdom of Swaziland was probably populated by San in pre-Christian times. Around 1400, Bantu-speaking peoples immigrated to southern Africa, including Zulu, Sotho, Tswana and Xhosa. From…

Sudan History

The state territory of today’s Sudan is one of the oldest settlement areas in Africa. Until the 9th century BC it belonged to the Egyptian Empire as Nubia and played…

South Africa History

Even before the Christian era began, members of the San and the Khoikhoi probably lived in South Africa. Their origin is not known, a relationship between the two peoples is…

Somalia History

Beginnings Probably was already on the Somali peninsula in the 3rd millennium BC. an empire called Punt, with which Egypt traded (myrrh, incense) and which was populated by various Bantu…

Singapore History

Middle ages Singapore has only been an independent state since 1965. Before that, its history was closely linked to that of Malaysia. In the 7th century, today’s main island of…

Sierra Leone History

Medieval to modern times From the 8th century AD the area of ​​what is now Sierra Leone was populated by the Bulom cattle breeding and farming. Over the centuries, the…

Seychelles History

Discovery and settlement Arab sailors probably entered the Seychelles as early as the 7th century. Even when the Portuguese seafarer Vasco da Gama discovered the archipelago at the beginning of…

Senegal History

Early to middle ages The earliest traces of settlement on the banks of the Senegal River are dated to the Paleolithic. In the 6th century AD the area of ​​today’s…

Sao Tome and Principe History

The two islands were discovered by Portuguese seafarers in 1470, and were probably uninhabited until then. The larger of the two islands was later named after the day of the…

Rwanda History

Before around the 8th century AD. Gradually the Hutu Bantu people immigrated to what is now Rwanda, and it was populated by pygmies who lived as hunters and gatherers. The…

Republic of the Congo History

Beginnings The Congo basin was originally populated by pygmies, probably from the 2nd century AD. were pushed back into inaccessible areas by immigrant Bantu peoples. The Bantu people lived from…

Nigeria History

Middle Ages to the 19th century There were many different kingdoms in what is now Nigeria: in the 8th century, the Haussa people settled in the north and set up…

Niger History

The area of ​​what is now the Republic of Niger was probably settled in the Paleolithic Age. From the time of the European Middle Ages, there were several large empires…

Namibia History

Since at least 6000 BC members of the San lived in the area of ​​present-day Namibia as collectors and small animal hunters. Around 500 AD various Bantu-speaking peoples such as…

Mozambique History

Early to middle ages Bushmen (pygmies) lived in southern Africa 8000 years ago. Around 2500 years ago, Bantu-speaking tribes immigrated to the region of today’s Mozambique and lived there as…

Morocco History

Early history to late antiquity Around the 2nd millennium BC the area of ​​what is now Morocco was populated by various cattle breeding Berber tribes. From 1200 BC The Phoenician…

Mauritius History

Discovery and settlement The island of Mauritius was probably already in the 10th century AD. entered by Arab seafarers but not populated. It was discovered by the Portuguese seafarer Pedro…

Mauritania History

Early The oldest archaeological finds on Mauritanian territory indicate early settlements in the Neolithic. Light-skinned nomadic Berber tribes inhabited from 2000 BC. the north of the country, while Negroid Wolof…

Mali History

Medieval to modern times In the 7th century AD The Kingdom of Ghana (Gana) developed in the southwest of today’s Republic of Mali, which expanded rapidly due to the lively…

Malawi History

Before Bantu speaking peoples from around the 6th century AD. began to colonize the area of ​​what is now Malawi, presumably smaller groups of a people related to the San…

Madagascar History

Early period until the 19th century The first settlement of the island by Indonesian sailors of Malay-Polynesian origin probably took place in the first century AD. From the beginning of…

Libya History

Around 2000 years before the beginning of the Christian era, members of Berber tribes lived in the region of what is now Libya; these were already referred to as Libyans…

Liberia History

In 1461, Portuguese sailors first reached the coasts of Liberia, which became known as the Pepper Coast in the centuries that followed. The spice obtained on the west coast between…

Lesotho History

Little is known of the indigenous people of Lesotho, the San. From the 15th century, Bantu-speaking peoples such as Zulu, Sotho, Tswana, Xhosa immigrated to the southern part of Africa….

Kenya History

Prehistory and Swahili culture The area of ​​today’s Kenya is one of the oldest settlement areas on earth. Archaeological finds on Lake Turkana have been dated to be around 1.5…

Ivory Coast History

Beginnings up to the 19th century In the south of the country, there were no larger state structures before colonization, individual tribes inhabited the rainforest and lagoon area. This was…

Guinea-Bissau History

Bushmen (pygmies) living as hunters and gatherers were probably the first to colonize the area of ​​today’s Guinea-Bissau before the Christian era. From the middle of the first millennium AD…

Guinea History

Probably the rainforest areas in today’s Republic of Guinea were populated by pygmies who lived as hunters and gatherers before the Christian era. In the first millennium AD various cattle…

Ghana History

Pre-colonial times The oldest traces of settlement in Ghana are around 30,000 to 40,000 years old and were discovered near Tema on the coast. Further archaeological finds in the Brong-Ahafo…

Gambia History

Early The first traces of settlement in the estuary of the Gambia River are dated back to the Stone Age. The oldest written record of the area dates from the…

Gabon History

Pre-colonial times Little is known about the pre-colonial events in what is now the state’s territory, which is partly due to the fact that the tribes originally living in the…

Ethiopia History

Beginnings Around 400 BC Semitic immigrants from South Arabia settled in the Horn of Africa. In the 1st century AD In the area of ​​what is now Ethiopia was the…

Eritrea History

Beginnings Until independence was achieved in 1993, Eritrea belonged to neighboring Ethiopia. Around 400 BC immigrants from southern Arabia settled in the Horn of Africa. In the 2nd century AD…

Equatorial Guinea History

Beginnings Bantu-speaking peoples, who lived mainly from migrant agriculture and cattle breeding, probably settled from around 1000 AD. the area of ​​today’s Equatorial Guinea. In the second half of the…

Egypt History

Prematurely The oldest surviving traces of settlement on Egyptian soil date from around 60,000 BC when the Sahara dried up and the Nile Valley formed. The Paleolithic culture of Egypt…

Democratic Republic of the Congo History

Beginnings Before the Christian era began, smaller groups of pygmies lived in the area of ​​what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo as hunters and gatherers. Bantu kingdoms…

Djibouti History

As the Arabs advanced into northern Africa, the territory of today’s Djibouti came under Arab influence in the course of the 7th century. This was only replaced in the 16th…

Comoros History

In the first centuries after the beginning of the Christian era, the Comoros began to be populated by Indonesian sailors of Malay-Polynesian origin. Around AD 1000 Persian seafarers landed on…

China History

Archaeological finds indicate that the area around today’s capital Beijing was settled around 500,000 years ago (Homo erectus pekinensis). Probably large parts of today’s China were already populated by humans…

Chad History

Beginnings Petroglyphs from the Tibesti Mountains testify that this area was already populated in the Neolithic period. Presumably from the 4th millennium before the beginning of the Christian era, various…