ASIA AND EUROPE
Characteristic of the Asian continent in antiquity was the contrast between the early cultures in the Middle East, India and China on the one hand and the numerous nomadic peoples of the inner-Asian steppe and Arabia, differentiated by language, customs and customs. Through Alexander the Great, the Roman Empire and the Byzantine Empire, the Middle East had a close cultural relationship with Europe in antiquity. In the 7th and 8th centuries, Arab Muslims penetrated as far as South Asia and spread Islam there. In the 13th century, Genghis Khan and his successors conquered large parts of the continent and created the largest empire in world history with the Mongol Empire.
A key event in the history of Asia was the discovery of the sea route to India by Vasco da Gama in 1498. First came the Portuguese, followed by the Dutch, the British and the French. From that time on, and increasingly from the 18th century onwards, the European colonial powers began to divide South and Southeast Asia among themselves and to establish hegemony in other Asian regions as well. Spain had occupied the Philippines since the 16th century, Great Britain subjugated the Indian subcontinent from 1756, France acquired Indochina, and the Netherlands occupied the Sunda Islands as “Dutch East Indies”. Meanwhile, with the fall of the Ottoman Empire in the northern half of Asia, Russia emerged as the dominant power, largely at the expense of the Chinese Empire. Around 1900, with Japan and the USA, other colonial powers appeared. The United States wrested the Philippines from Spain in 1898, while Japan occupied Korea and Manchuria. Only a few countries such as China, Afghanistan, Iran (Persia) or Thailand were able to maintain an – albeit often limited – independence. For more information about the continent of Asia, please check cheeroutdoor.com.