Moldova History

Beginnings In the 2nd millennium BC the area of ​​today’s Moldova was populated by Indo-European Thracians, Dacians and Getens. From around the 7th century BC. the processing of iron into…

Mauritania History

Early The oldest archaeological finds on Mauritanian territory indicate early settlements in the Neolithic. Light-skinned nomadic Berber tribes inhabited from 2000 BC. the north of the country, while Negroid Wolof…

Malta History

Beginnings Archaeological finds indicate that the island of Malta was already settled in the Neolithic period. Around 5000 BC immigrants from southern Italy probably came to the island, remnants of…

Maldives History

Middle Ages to the 19th century The Maldives have been continuously populated since the 5th century, presumably by fishermen from India and Sri Lanka. Formerly Buddhist, Islam was introduced by…

Malaysia History

Beginnings The Malay Peninsula was probably already settled in the Stone Age. In the 3rd millennium BC. the ancestors of the Malays migrated from southern China (so-called Proto-Malays). In the…

Lithuania History

Middle ages From about 1000 AD the areas along the Memel and Neris rivers were populated by Baltic Lithuanians. Around 1235 Prince Mindaugas (1236-1263) united the Lithuanian principalities, which had…

Lebanon History

Estimated in the 3rd millennium BC. the area of ​​today’s Lebanon was settled by the Phoenicians, who founded several city-states on the coast such as Byblos (today Jubayl), Berytos (Beirut),…

Laos History

Beginnings Archaeological finds prove that the area has been inhabited since the 6th millennium BC. The finds on the Tran Ninh Plateau (Plateau de Xiangkhoang, level of clay jugs) in…

Kenya History

Prehistory and Swahili culture The area of ​​today’s Kenya is one of the oldest settlement areas on earth. Archaeological finds on Lake Turkana have been dated to be around 1.5…

Jordan History

Early period until the 19th century Archaeological finds on today’s state territory refer to hunters who already inhabited the region in the Paleolithic Age. The East Bank was closely linked…

Italy History

Prehistory to migration Findings indicate that Italy has been populated since the Paleolithic about a million years ago. Around 1200 BC Italians and Illyrians immigrated to the country, later also…

Israel History

Early history The first residents of Palestine, the Canaanites, already lived in the 3rd millennium BC. in this region. Their religion had a significant influence on the Jewish faith and…

Iraq History

Early and prehistory The historical landscape of Mesopotamia, which today forms part of Iraqi territory, was probably already from the 8th millennium BC. settled. From around 3000 BC The high…

Iran History

Country data Area: 1,648,000 km2 (world rank: 17) Residents: 81,163,000 Population density: 49 per km2 (as of 2017, world rank: 18) Capital: Tehran (Tehran) Official languages: Persian (Farsi) Gross domestic…