Guinea History

Probably the rainforest areas in today’s Republic of Guinea were populated by pygmies who lived as hunters and gatherers before the Christian era. In the first millennium AD various cattle…

Greece History

Pre and early history Today’s Greek territory has been populated since the Paleolithic Age; around 3500 to 2800 BC there was the Neolithic Sesklo culture of Thessaly, an early farming…

Ghana History

Pre-colonial times The oldest traces of settlement in Ghana are around 30,000 to 40,000 years old and were discovered near Tema on the coast. Further archaeological finds in the Brong-Ahafo…

Georgia History

Beginnings Around 600 BC Greek (Ionian) trade colonies were founded along the Georgian Black Sea coast. The name Kolchis for the lowlands west of the Surami Mountains comes from this…

Fiji History

European discovery Archaeological finds point to the settlement of the Fiji Islands in the 2nd century BC. there, first by Polynesians, later by Melanesians. The Dutch seafarer Abel Tasman also…

Estonia History

Early and Middle Ages The first archaeological evidence on today’s territory indicates the existence of Estonian tribes more than 6,000 years ago. The Estonians, organized in loose tribal associations, were…

Eritrea History

Beginnings Until independence was achieved in 1993, Eritrea belonged to neighboring Ethiopia. Around 400 BC immigrants from southern Arabia settled in the Horn of Africa. In the 2nd century AD…

Egypt History

Prematurely The oldest surviving traces of settlement on Egyptian soil date from around 60,000 BC when the Sahara dried up and the Nile Valley formed. The Paleolithic culture of Egypt…

Denmark History

Country data Area: 42,925 km2 (world ranking: 130) Residents: 5,770,000 Population density: 134 per km2 (as of 2017, world ranking: 112) Capital: København (Copenhagen) Official languages: Danish Gross domestic product:…

Comoros History

In the first centuries after the beginning of the Christian era, the Comoros began to be populated by Indonesian sailors of Malay-Polynesian origin. Around AD 1000 Persian seafarers landed on…

China History

Archaeological finds indicate that the area around today’s capital Beijing was settled around 500,000 years ago (Homo erectus pekinensis). Probably large parts of today’s China were already populated by humans…

Chad History

Beginnings Petroglyphs from the Tibesti Mountains testify that this area was already populated in the Neolithic period. Presumably from the 4th millennium before the beginning of the Christian era, various…

Cameroon History

Beginnings From around AD 1000 presumably settled in the area of ​​what is now Cameroon Bantu-speaking peoples who lived mainly from migrant agriculture and cattle breeding. They displaced the pygmies…

Burundi History

Presumably, the pygmies, who lived as hunters and gatherers, represented the indigenous population of today’s Burundi. From the 8th century, these were gradually replaced by the Hutu people who immigrated…

Bulgaria History

Early to the Byzantine Empire Around 100,000 years ago, people lived on today’s Bulgarian territory. Agriculture was already practiced here in the Neolithic. In the Bronze Age, Thracian tribes settled…

Brunei History

The island of Borneo (the third largest island in the world after Greenland and New Guinea with around 755,000 square kilometers) was already before the middle of the third millennium…

Botswana History

Archaeological finds indicate that the area of ​​today’s Botswana was settled long before the Christian era began (eg Smithfield, Wilton culture). Around 2,000 years ago, the area (and all of…