Valencia, Spain

Valencia, Spain

Valencia in Spain

Valencia is one of the spanish Autonomous Communities of Spain and is a big city in the east of the country. The city ​​of Valenica is also the capital of the Autonomous Community and its province. Valencia is the third largest city with 805,000 peopleSpain. Around 1.8 million people live in the greater Valencia area.

The history of Valencia

The city of Valentia was founded in 138 BC. Founded. The Roman consul Decimus Junius Brutus Callaicus is said to have been the inventor. A hundred years later, Valentia became one of the first Hispanic cities in the Roman colony.
When the Visigoths ruled Valencia, the region could hardly develop any further. In 711 the Arabs came to the area and took control. Valencia made great strides under the Arab rule.

After a few years of Muslim rule, King James I of Aragon was conquered Back in 1238 Valencia and brought Christianity here. He also made Valencia his capital, which thus belonged to Aragon.

Isabella I of Castile borrowed capital from Valencian bankers for the Columbus Sea Route search for rear India in 1492. As one of the most important cities in the Mediterranean region in the 15th and 16th centuries, Valencia gained more and more influence and importance internationally.
The battle of Almansa with the victory of the Bourbons was the reason that Valencia lost its privileges on April 25, 1707. In the Spanish Civil War from 1936 to 1939 the region was controlled by the Republicans. From November 1936, the city of Valencia was named the seat of government, as the actual capital Madrid was at the center of the fighting.

Between 1970 and 1990 the idea of ​​converting the former Turia river bed into a park came up to remodel. Actually, they wanted to develop the region as a motorway, which would have sprouted luxury residential areas. But the decision was made against it and a park was built instead. The architect Ricardo Boffil took over the planning of the facility and created a large park. This large green area has advantages, because Valencia is very barren as a city. There is hardly any green space here. Thanks to the large park, the city itself was finally able to create a “green lung” and the Valencia region was richer by one attraction.

Valencia attractions

as famous and popular attraction applies, among others, the Silk Exchange, which in Spanish Loonja de la Seda called. It was built between 1482 and 1533. The master stonemason Petre Compte, a very famous man of his time, created the monument with great skill and artistic knowledge. Today the building is one of the most important of the secular Gothic in Europe. The four parts that make up the building are a tower, the Consulado del Mar room, the orange tree courtyard and the pillared room. This concerns a total built and undeveloped area of ​​over 2,000 square meters. The fascinating building Lonja de la Seda was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996.

The Cathedral of Valencia is also a very impressive building. It was built in 1262 on the foundations of an old mosque. The cathedral was redesigned more frequently until the end of the 18th century. Today you can see many facets of the building and architectural art from different epochs. The Cathedral of Valencia is a landmark of the region and it also houses a very special treasure. An agate chalice is kept in a side chapel. This is a relic and is considered by the believers as the Holy Chalice or Holy Grail. Experts estimate that the cup was made in the 1st century BC. Chr.

A rather interesting tradition is before the Apostles portal of the cathedral instead of. Every Thursday there is a water court decision. This is not about water features, but disputes between farmers in the surrounding area over irrigation are settled in public proceedings.

Valencia geography

The Valencian Community is one of the 17 autonomous communities in the Kingdom of Spain. The region lies on the Mediterranean coast and is bordered by the autonomous communities of Catalonia in the north, Aragon and Castile-La Manchain the west, Murcia in the south and the Mediterranean in the east. The total area of ​​the Region of Valencia amounts to about 23,255 square kilometers. The capital is the city ​​of Valencia.

The landscape of the Valencia region stretches as a narrow coastal strip from the Ebro Delta to the mouth of the Segura River. The meseta plateau extends here as far as the Mediterranean and shapes the landscape with its bare, gray and red limestone and sandstone plateaus, which break away from narrow and deeply cut valleys furrowed on the coast into steep slopes.

The Guadalaviar and Jucar rivers, which are very watery during the snowmelt and thunderstorms, plunge down from the Meseta to the coast, where they create wide strips of alluvial land. The rivers are used to irrigate the land in the highland rain shadow. Large vegetable and maize fields that can be harvested several times a year thrive in the Huertas area. Even rice fields find enough moisture in the region of the marshy beach lake Albufera to stand under water for weeks. Beyond the irrigation systems, the soil is still sufficient to grow vines, olive trees and carob.

Valencia, Spain