Category: Europe

European Union – economic strength
The prosperity gap within the European Union has widened significantly in recent years. The reasons for this were, on the one hand, the admission of many new member states from Eastern Europe from 2004, and on the other hand the economic difficulties of some older member states in the course of the financial and euro crisis from 2007. The top group of economically strongest countries in 2011 was led by Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Sweden and Denmark, while Romania and Bulgaria, the 2007 acceding countries, together with Latvia, Poland and Estonia, three of the 2004 acceding countries, made up the bottom group.

Economic strength and regional differences in prosperity are determined by the gross domestic product (GDP). The latter is determined by the value of all goods and services that were produced in a region within a specified period of time. The conversion of GDP into purchasing power standards (PPS) also includes regional price differences and in this way determines regional prosperity more specifically and precisely.

Apart from a few exceptions, such as sub-regions in Finland, Sweden and Ireland, there is a clear income gapfrom the rich regions in Central Europe to the far poorer ones on the periphery of the EU. The countries of Eastern Europe had the lowest average economic power between 2009 and 2011, and this imbalance has changed little since then. In 2013 the list of the economically weakest countries was headed by Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary and Poland, followed by Croatia (EU member since 2013), the Baltic states, the Czech Republic and the troubled southern European countries Portugal, Greece and Spain. A comparison of national purchasing power shows how great the differences in wealth are within the Community: In 2013, GDP in PPS in Luxembourg (58 844 euros) was 20 times higher than that of Bulgaria (2919 euros).

The disparities within the individual states are generally smaller than those between the states, but here too there are exceptions; for example, from 2009 to 2001 in Ireland, Italy and Spain there were pronounced differences in wealth between the southern and northern (or north-eastern) parts of the country. In addition, the capital city regions often have a significantly higher level of productivity and purchasing power than other parts of the country (example: the Czech Republic and Prague). For more information about the continent of Europe, please check cheeroutdoor.com.

France Cinematography in the 1940’s

The period of freedom and creative fruitfulness did not last long, and was interrupted by the Second World War; in June 1940, when the German troops arrived in Paris, film…

France Cinematography in the 1930’s

According to Ezinereligion, the Thirties opened, as in the rest of the world, in the name of the economic crisis marked by the collapse of the Wall Street Stock Exchange…

France Chemical and Building Industries

Chemical industries. – If iron pyrites (Saint-Bel, Rhône) and phosphates from North Africa and Picardy are added to the salt and potash, it will be seen that France possesses in…

France Architecture During 1949 and 1959

In the decade 1949-59 French architecture still seems to be dominated by the overwhelming personality of Le Corbusier. There was no lack of architects from younger generations, and among the…

France Architecture and Urban Planning

The territorial planning policy, which officially began in the 1960s, is based on new criteria and institutions at the level of inter-ministerial coordination and regional decentralization. According to Dentistrymyth, the…

France Architecture

At the beginning of the millennium, architecture in France has developed widely thanks to an urban policy at a national and local level that has promoted redevelopment programs ranging from…

France Archaeology – Roman period

According to Computergees, the great Gallo-Roman cities have been the subject of excavations even when a modern city has superimposed on them, and often the sad destruction caused by the…

France Archaeology – Pre-Roman Period

a) Greek Gaul. – In Marseilles, the war destructions carried out by the Germans made it possible after 1945 to explore the Greek colony in the old port district. The Greek…

Parga and Samos, Greece

Parga Where is Parga located? Parga, the city steeped in history with ancient origins, underlines the countless faces of western Greece. In the midst of huge mountains, surrounded by clear…

Shrewsbury and St. Michaels Mount

Shrewsbury the most beautiful half-timbered town in England In the West Midlands, not far from the border with Wales, Shrewsbury is an idyllic place with a lot to discover. It…

Sweden Economy and Culture

Economy Sweden has a market economy strongly regulated by the state, which has been known as the Swedish model and presented as an example of the socio-economic proposal of the…

History of Amsterdam

According to AbbreviationFinder, Amsterdam is the capital city of Netherlands. From the beginning to the Middle Ages The Amstelledamme settlement was established around 1270 and was already exempt from customs duties…

Slovenia Overview

(Republika Slovenija). Central European State (20,273 km²). Capital: Ljubljana. Administrative division: statistical regions (12, without administrative value). Population: 2,025,866 (2008 estimate). Language: Slovenian (official), Italian, Hungarian. Religion: Catholics 57.8%, non-religious…

Belgium Economy

ECONOMY: AGRICULTURE, LIVESTOCK AND FISHING Totally flat to the N and characterized to the S by the modest hills of the Ardennes, the territory of Belgium is largely used for…

Romania Cinema

The Lumière news arrived in Bucharest on May 27, 1896, the first national films appeared the following year, but the first feature film, The War of Independence, was shot by G….

October Revolution

October Revolution, the seizure of power by the Bolsheviks under Lenin’s leadership in Petrograd (St. Petersburg) on ​​November 7, 1917, which initiated a political upheaval in Russia (Soviet Union, history)….

Annecy, France Sightseeing

Highlights According to aristmarketing, Annecy is one of the French cities classified as cities of art and history and offers many attractions. The most important include in particular: The Saint-Pierre…

Germany Economy and Money

Business etiquette Business appointments should be made well in advance and strictly adhered to. Many companies close early on Fridays. Great importance is attached to punctuality. According to aristmarketing, Germans…

England Natural Beauties

Little Venice in London The neighborhood near the city with rows of houses by John Nash extends around Regent’s Canal and the Grand Union Canal. The canals used to be…

Kosovo

Official name: Republic of Kosovo Area: 10,905 km² Residents: 1.80 million (2017) Growth of population: 0.82% (2017) Seat of government: Prishtina / Pristina (population: approx. 212,000, 2017) Official languages: Albanian,…

Travel to Menorca

Just northeast of Mallorca, the Balearic Islands’ most tourist-dense island, lies the much calmer tourist destination of Menorca. Menorca is a smaller variant of its other sister islands, but here…

Things to Do in Mallorca

Accommodation in Mallorca There are numerous accommodations on Mallorca to provide the many holidaymakers with a place according to their wishes. Depending on your wishes and what type of vacation…

Vilnius Attractions and Tourist

Attractions in Vilnius Cathedral Square The large open square in front of the 14th century cathedral in the north of the Old Town has been an important gathering place for…

Vienna Attractions and Tourist

Attractions in Vienna Vienna is a gift package of sights and attractions. Not least in view of its magnificent castles and beautiful buildings. But you will also find a number…

Venice Attractions and Tourist

Attractions in Venice If you are the least interested in history, culture, beautiful buildings, magnificent churches, paintings and fascinating architecture, Venice is the place to admire attractions and sights. The…

United Kingdom History

Early history to the Middle Ages Already in the first millennium BC, Celtic tribes populated Britain and mingled with the indigenous people. 54 BC Southern England was occupied by Caesar’s…

Ukraine History

Early to late antiquity Already for the younger Paleolithic period around 50,000 to 10,000 years before the beginning of the Christian era, remains of dwellings, storage spaces and sculptures have…

Turkey History

Beginnings In Asia Minor there are traces of settlement from the 7th millennium BC. (Çatal H¨¹y¨¹k). Archaeological finds indicates agriculture, metalworking and trade links to the Red Sea. In the…

Switzerland History

Beginnings Archaeological finds speak for a settlement of today’s Switzerland already in the Paleolithic Age. Findings near La T¨¨ne on Lake Neuchâtel gave the name to the Celtic culture of…

Sweden History

Tribal kings and varagans Archaeological finds point to the settlement of today’s Sweden as early as 7000 BC. there. Around 1800 BC old Germanic tribes immigrated from Eastern Europe. In…

Spain History

Pre and early history The Iberian Peninsula was already populated in the younger Paleolithic. Caves like the one in Altamira, which show animal paintings, date from around 12,000 BC. The…

Slovenia History

Early history to the Middle Ages Since about 1200 BC the area of ​​today’s Slovenia was populated by Illyrian tribes. From the 2nd century BC the Romans conquered the area…

Slovakia History

Settlement of the Slavs From the 5th century, Slavic tribes immigrated to what is now Slovakia and drove the Germanic tribes there. The Great Moravian Empire was established in the…

Serbia History

Early to late antiquity Traces of settlement from the Neolithic period from 7000 BC can be found in Serbian territory. From 1200 BC almost the entire Balkans were populated by…

San Marino History

Beginnings According to legend, Marinus, who was later canonized, is said to be on September 3, 301 AD. created the first unit of a monastery on Monte Titano, which was…

Russia History

Early history to the Middle Ages Semi-nomads already lived in the regions of western Russia 5000 years ago, but it was only in the 9th century that Slavic tribes and…

Romania History

Beginnings In the 2nd millennium BC the Indo-European Dacians and Getens settled in what is now Romania. From the 7th century BC. the processing of iron into weapons, tools and…

Portugal History

Early to late antiquity When the Romans from the beginning of the 2nd century BC. conquered the Iberian Peninsula, the Celts, Phoenicians, Greeks and Carthaginians already settled there. The Romans…

Poland History

Early to late antiquity Before the beginning of the Christian era, the area of ​​today’s Poland was populated by Germanic tribes. Around the 4th century AD Most of these migrated…