Category: Europe

Vilnius Attractions and Tourist

Attractions in Vilnius Cathedral Square The large open square in front of the 14th century cathedral in the north of the Old Town has been an important gathering place for…

Vienna Attractions and Tourist

Attractions in Vienna Vienna is a gift package of sights and attractions. Not least in view of its magnificent castles and beautiful buildings. But you will also find a number…

Venice Attractions and Tourist

Attractions in Venice If you are the least interested in history, culture, beautiful buildings, magnificent churches, paintings and fascinating architecture, Venice is the place to admire attractions and sights. The…

United Kingdom History

Early history to the Middle Ages Already in the first millennium BC, Celtic tribes populated Britain and mingled with the indigenous people. 54 BC Southern England was occupied by Caesar’s…

Ukraine History

Early to late antiquity Already for the younger Paleolithic period around 50,000 to 10,000 years before the beginning of the Christian era, remains of dwellings, storage spaces and sculptures have…

Turkey History

Beginnings In Asia Minor there are traces of settlement from the 7th millennium BC. (Çatal H¨¹y¨¹k). Archaeological finds indicates agriculture, metalworking and trade links to the Red Sea. In the…

Switzerland History

Beginnings Archaeological finds speak for a settlement of today’s Switzerland already in the Paleolithic Age. Findings near La T¨¨ne on Lake Neuchâtel gave the name to the Celtic culture of…

Sweden History

Tribal kings and varagans Archaeological finds point to the settlement of today’s Sweden as early as 7000 BC. there. Around 1800 BC old Germanic tribes immigrated from Eastern Europe. In…

Spain History

Pre and early history The Iberian Peninsula was already populated in the younger Paleolithic. Caves like the one in Altamira, which show animal paintings, date from around 12,000 BC. The…

Slovenia History

Early history to the Middle Ages Since about 1200 BC the area of ​​today’s Slovenia was populated by Illyrian tribes. From the 2nd century BC the Romans conquered the area…

Slovakia History

Settlement of the Slavs From the 5th century, Slavic tribes immigrated to what is now Slovakia and drove the Germanic tribes there. The Great Moravian Empire was established in the…

Serbia History

Early to late antiquity Traces of settlement from the Neolithic period from 7000 BC can be found in Serbian territory. From 1200 BC almost the entire Balkans were populated by…

San Marino History

Beginnings According to legend, Marinus, who was later canonized, is said to be on September 3, 301 AD. created the first unit of a monastery on Monte Titano, which was…

Russia History

Early history to the Middle Ages Semi-nomads already lived in the regions of western Russia 5000 years ago, but it was only in the 9th century that Slavic tribes and…

Romania History

Beginnings In the 2nd millennium BC the Indo-European Dacians and Getens settled in what is now Romania. From the 7th century BC. the processing of iron into weapons, tools and…

Portugal History

Early to late antiquity When the Romans from the beginning of the 2nd century BC. conquered the Iberian Peninsula, the Celts, Phoenicians, Greeks and Carthaginians already settled there. The Romans…

Poland History

Early to late antiquity Before the beginning of the Christian era, the area of ​​today’s Poland was populated by Germanic tribes. Around the 4th century AD Most of these migrated…

Norway History

Medieval to modern times Today’s territory of Norway, like Sweden and Denmark, was also home to the Vikings, who plundered throughout Europe, especially in the 9th and 10th centuries. The…

Netherlands History

Antiquity to the Middle Ages At the beginning of the Christian era, the area of ​​today’s Netherlands, as well as neighboring Belgium and Luxembourg, was conquered by the Romans, who…

Montenegro History

The area of ​​today’s Montenegro was part of the Roman Empire (Illyricum) and was incorporated into the Eastern Roman Empire under Justinian I after the migration in 535. The Romanized…

Monaco History

Early to middle ages Around 1000 BC Phoenician seafarers, who came from the eastern Mediterranean, founded a commercial branch on the site of what is now Monaco (and other locations…

Moldova History

Beginnings In the 2nd millennium BC the area of ​​today’s Moldova was populated by Indo-European Thracians, Dacians and Getens. From around the 7th century BC. the processing of iron into…

Malta History

Beginnings Archaeological finds indicate that the island of Malta was already settled in the Neolithic period. Around 5000 BC immigrants from southern Italy probably came to the island, remnants of…

Macedonia History

Antiquity The area of ​​today’s Macedonia was probably from 2000 BC. populated by Illyrian-Thracian tribes. From the 7th century BC it was part of the Kingdom of Macedon, which extended…

Luxembourg History

Beginnings The area of ​​today’s Grand Duchy of Luxembourg was populated by Celtic tribes before it was conquered by Roman troops (around 50 AD). In the 9th century the area…

Lithuania History

Middle ages From about 1000 AD the areas along the Memel and Neris rivers were populated by Baltic Lithuanians. Around 1235 Prince Mindaugas (1236-1263) united the Lithuanian principalities, which had…

Liechtenstein History

Early period up to the 19th century The area of ​​what is now Liechtenstein belonged to since the 1st century BC. to the Roman province of Rhaetia until the Germanic…

Latvia History

Middle Ages to the 19th century Around 1200 AD the area of ​​what is now the Republic of Latvia was populated by Baltic tribes, including the Latgals, Selons, Semgals, Kuren…

Kosovo History

As part of the migration, Slavic tribes spread to the Balkans, but the region of today’s Kosovo was dominated by Byzantium until around 1200 and later by Bulgaria. Afterwards, a…

Italy History

Prehistory to migration Findings indicate that Italy has been populated since the Paleolithic about a million years ago. Around 1200 BC Italians and Illyrians immigrated to the country, later also…

Ireland History

Early to late antiquity There are traces of settlement from the Stone Age (megalithic culture) on Irish soil. From the 6th century BC. a Celtic people immigrated from Great Britain…

Iceland History

Middle ages Until the 8th century AD the island was not populated, even if it was probably known to the seafaring people for several hundred years. Irish and Scottish monks…

Hungary History

Much of the area of ​​today’s Hungary belonged to the Roman Empire as the province of Pannonia at the beginning of the Christian era. The area between the Danube and…

Vatican City History

The establishment of Christianity in Rome The Vatican has been an independent and sovereign state since February 11, 1929 through the Lateran treaties. It forms the small remnant of the…

Greece History

Pre and early history Today’s Greek territory has been populated since the Paleolithic Age; around 3500 to 2800 BC there was the Neolithic Sesklo culture of Thessaly, an early farming…

Germany History

Pre and early history The area of ​​today’s Germany was populated in the earliest times. The remains of a representative of Homo sapiens, who lived here around 40,000 years ago…

France History

Pre and early history Archaeological finds in the area of ​​what is now France suggest that people lived here 100,000 years ago. Several cave paintings have been preserved from the…

Finland History

Early to middle ages Finland has been populated for around 9,000 years. Ancestors of the Sami (rags), who still inhabit the polar northern regions of Scandinavia, are believed to be…

Estonia History

Early and Middle Ages The first archaeological evidence on today’s territory indicates the existence of Estonian tribes more than 6,000 years ago. The Estonians, organized in loose tribal associations, were…

Denmark History

Country data Area: 42,925 km2 (world ranking: 130) Residents: 5,770,000 Population density: 134 per km2 (as of 2017, world ranking: 112) Capital: København (Copenhagen) Official languages: Danish Gross domestic product:…

Czech Republic History

Early to late antiquity As early as 500 BC inhabited Celtic tribes, in Bohemia the Bojer and in Moravia the Cotiner, the area of ​​today’s Czech Republic. Marcomans and Quads,…

Cyprus History

Beginnings Archaeological finds indicate that the island has been inhabited since the 7th millennium BC. there. Copper deposits were discovered here probably in the 3rd millennium. The name of the…

Croatia History

Antiquity to the Middle Ages The history of the Croatian territory was shaped in ancient times by the fact that it was in the border area between Europe and the…

Bulgaria History

Early to the Byzantine Empire Around 100,000 years ago, people lived on today’s Bulgarian territory. Agriculture was already practiced here in the Neolithic. In the Bronze Age, Thracian tribes settled…

Bosnia and Herzegovina History

Beginnings In the 1st millennium BC. Illyrian tribes settled the entire Balkans and thus also the area of ​​today’s Bosnia-Herzegovina. From around 400 BC Celtic peoples migrated from Central Europe….

Belgium History

Beginnings Around the 6th century BC. Celtic and Germanic tribes immigrated to the area of ​​what is now Belgium, which was used by the Romans in the so-called Gallic Wars…

Belarus History

Early history to the Middle Ages Archaeological finds in the Belarusian area refer to forms of settlement that already existed in the Stone Age. The region was one of the…

Barcelona Attractions and Tourist

Attractions in Barcelona The formal spice of attractions in Barcelona. No one can be here on vacation and say they did not find attractions and sights that did not suit…