Category: Europe

European Union – economic strength
The prosperity gap within the European Union has widened significantly in recent years. The reasons for this were, on the one hand, the admission of many new member states from Eastern Europe from 2004, and on the other hand the economic difficulties of some older member states in the course of the financial and euro crisis from 2007. The top group of economically strongest countries in 2011 was led by Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Sweden and Denmark, while Romania and Bulgaria, the 2007 acceding countries, together with Latvia, Poland and Estonia, three of the 2004 acceding countries, made up the bottom group.

Economic strength and regional differences in prosperity are determined by the gross domestic product (GDP). The latter is determined by the value of all goods and services that were produced in a region within a specified period of time. The conversion of GDP into purchasing power standards (PPS) also includes regional price differences and in this way determines regional prosperity more specifically and precisely.

Apart from a few exceptions, such as sub-regions in Finland, Sweden and Ireland, there is a clear income gapfrom the rich regions in Central Europe to the far poorer ones on the periphery of the EU. The countries of Eastern Europe had the lowest average economic power between 2009 and 2011, and this imbalance has changed little since then. In 2013 the list of the economically weakest countries was headed by Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary and Poland, followed by Croatia (EU member since 2013), the Baltic states, the Czech Republic and the troubled southern European countries Portugal, Greece and Spain. A comparison of national purchasing power shows how great the differences in wealth are within the Community: In 2013, GDP in PPS in Luxembourg (58 844 euros) was 20 times higher than that of Bulgaria (2919 euros).

The disparities within the individual states are generally smaller than those between the states, but here too there are exceptions; for example, from 2009 to 2001 in Ireland, Italy and Spain there were pronounced differences in wealth between the southern and northern (or north-eastern) parts of the country. In addition, the capital city regions often have a significantly higher level of productivity and purchasing power than other parts of the country (example: the Czech Republic and Prague). For more information about the continent of Europe, please check cheeroutdoor.com.

Soria, Castile-Leon (Spain)

The small provincial capital of Soria is located on the banks of the Duero River in northern Spain. The province of Soria is part of the autonomous region of Castile-Leon….

Attractions in Samara, Russia

According to Calculatorinc, in the northern part of the old city is the Glory Square, where the administrative buildings of Samara are located. The basis of the square complex is…

Travel to Montenegro

Sights of Montenegro An interesting excursion program has been prepared for the services of vacationers. The main excursions that introduce the main sights of the country: Tour “Mini-Montenegro” (sightseeing tour…

North Korea – New Scenarios

On April 20, 2003, Easter Day, the Indian Defense Minister, George Fernandes, the first supporter of the ‘Chinese threat’ theory and the one who decided to carry out India’s first…

Holidays in Cyprus

Cyprus is an island in the Mediterranean that offers its guests luxury hotels, pristine blue flag beaches and plenty of decent entertainment. The island is divided into two parts: the…

Slovakia Attractions

Levoca Levoca was proclaimed the capital of the Spissachsen in 1271 and a free royal city in 1323. The city center is now a listed building and offers many sights, such…

Latvia Population 1930

Population Data. – According to the last census, carried out on February 10, 1930, Latvia has 1,900,045 residents, and is thus the twenty-fifth state in Europe by population, slightly lower…

Switzerland Agriculture

It is characterized by the small extent of arable land (of cereals in the first place) and by a great development of natural and artificial meadows, which, together with the…

French Armed Forces

Army. – With the law of April 18, 1936, the French military organization, already determined by the law of July 13, 1927, was modified and constituted as follows: 18 territorial…

France Transport and Communications

The network of French national roads in 1933 was 80,000 km. (39,892 in 1922). The railway network had reached 44,000 km in 1934. An extensive electrification program is taking place…

France Sources of Energy

Despite the intensified post-war geological research and some good news in the field of hydrocarbons, it cannot be said that, in general, the picture of French mineral wealth has changed…

France Language

The French is the national language of the France and official language of the territory of the nation and the overseas departments. As a mother tongue spoken it does not…

France in the Late 1990’s

At the end of the 20th century, the French political scene was going through a phase of solid government stability. In the context of a Europe with a progressive majority,…

France in the Early 2000’s

But in April 2002, in the first round of the presidential elections, persistent social tensions, the question of security (a central theme for a large part of public opinion, frightened…

France in the 2000’s

At the turn of the first decade of the 21st century, the figure of Nicolas Sarkozy, president of the Union pour un mouvement populaire (UMP) – the center-right party born…

France Ethnic Groups

According to Programingplease, France can be cited as an example of a state in which the population has a notable character of national unity, despite the diversity of the elements…

France Encyclopedia for Kids

A country in balance between tradition and modernity Fourth world economic power – which also wants to remain great in international politics – France represents the cultural tradition of Europe…

France Early Cinematography

Cinema was officially born in France: on December 28, 1895 the brothers Louis and Auguste Lumière organized the first public and paid show of the Cinématographe Lumière at the Grand…

France Criminal Law and Procedure

Criminal law and offenses. – Since August 26, 1789, in the Declaration of the rights of man and citizen, the revolution manifested its will to do away with the criminal…

France Continental Waters

France owes to its climate and its relief, if it is bathed by a large number of rivers, and if it possesses almost in every part the elements necessary for…

France Commercial Law

The commercial code and the merchants. – The Code de Commerce of 1807 was drawn up quickly, following the severe commercial crisis that had raged in France in 1805; it was directly…

France Colonies and Politics

According to Neovideogames, the French colonial empire, with its 10.6 million sq km. surface area and its 56 million residents (excluding mandates), comes in importance after the British one (for…

France Climate

Climate. – The variety of climates in France depends on the geographical situation facing the ocean and the Mediterranean, on the extension of the territory up to the Rhine, that…

France Civil Aviation and Air Base

Aviation industry. – France intends to give aviation an ever greater development, so that the aeronautical industry can become one of the most important also in the field of exports….

France Civil Architecture

According to Mathgeneral, the feudal world has left the gigantic ruins of its castles scattered in the countryside. Those of the Crusaders (Karitaena and Mystras near Sparta, the Krak of…

France Civil and Judiciary Procedure

Judicial organization and competence. – According to Internetsailors, the French judicial system is founded on the principle of the separation of powers; but after the revolution this principle was not…

France Cinematography in the 1980’s

According to Hyperrestaurant, the Eighties began with the return of the left to the government, forty-five years after the Popular Front, but this time without that desire to change the…

France Cinematography in the 1950’s

A filmmaker deeply attached to Central European culture such as Max Ophuls lived in France his most fortunate season, with La ronde (1950; La ronde – The pleasure and love),…

France Cinematography in the 1940’s

The period of freedom and creative fruitfulness did not last long, and was interrupted by the Second World War; in June 1940, when the German troops arrived in Paris, film…

France Cinematography in the 1930’s

According to Ezinereligion, the Thirties opened, as in the rest of the world, in the name of the economic crisis marked by the collapse of the Wall Street Stock Exchange…

France Chemical and Building Industries

Chemical industries. – If iron pyrites (Saint-Bel, Rhône) and phosphates from North Africa and Picardy are added to the salt and potash, it will be seen that France possesses in…

France Architecture During 1949 and 1959

In the decade 1949-59 French architecture still seems to be dominated by the overwhelming personality of Le Corbusier. There was no lack of architects from younger generations, and among the…

France Architecture and Urban Planning

The territorial planning policy, which officially began in the 1960s, is based on new criteria and institutions at the level of inter-ministerial coordination and regional decentralization. According to Dentistrymyth, the…

France Architecture

At the beginning of the millennium, architecture in France has developed widely thanks to an urban policy at a national and local level that has promoted redevelopment programs ranging from…

France Archaeology – Roman period

According to Computergees, the great Gallo-Roman cities have been the subject of excavations even when a modern city has superimposed on them, and often the sad destruction caused by the…

France Archaeology – Pre-Roman Period

a) Greek Gaul. – In Marseilles, the war destructions carried out by the Germans made it possible after 1945 to explore the Greek colony in the old port district. The Greek…

Parga and Samos, Greece

Parga Where is Parga located? Parga, the city steeped in history with ancient origins, underlines the countless faces of western Greece. In the midst of huge mountains, surrounded by clear…

Shrewsbury and St. Michaels Mount

Shrewsbury the most beautiful half-timbered town in England In the West Midlands, not far from the border with Wales, Shrewsbury is an idyllic place with a lot to discover. It…

Sweden Economy and Culture

Economy Sweden has a market economy strongly regulated by the state, which has been known as the Swedish model and presented as an example of the socio-economic proposal of the…

History of Amsterdam

According to AbbreviationFinder, Amsterdam is the capital city of Netherlands. From the beginning to the Middle Ages The Amstelledamme settlement was established around 1270 and was already exempt from customs duties…

Slovenia Overview

(Republika Slovenija). Central European State (20,273 km²). Capital: Ljubljana. Administrative division: statistical regions (12, without administrative value). Population: 2,025,866 (2008 estimate). Language: Slovenian (official), Italian, Hungarian. Religion: Catholics 57.8%, non-religious…

Belgium Economy

ECONOMY: AGRICULTURE, LIVESTOCK AND FISHING Totally flat to the N and characterized to the S by the modest hills of the Ardennes, the territory of Belgium is largely used for…

Romania Cinema

The Lumière news arrived in Bucharest on May 27, 1896, the first national films appeared the following year, but the first feature film, The War of Independence, was shot by G….