Gran Chaco (Argentina) – Estancia
The Gran Chaco is an 800,000 square kilometer, sparsely populated plain east of the Andes (2.2 times the size of Germany), which belongs to Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay. The climate is subtropical, the natural vegetation is formed by dry forests. A characteristic of the actual vegetation today is a change from open grassland, light scrub forest and high forest, the latter especially in the areas of the small rivers that drain towards Paraná, which are preferred in terms of soil quality.
The map shows a section of the Argentine part of the Gran Chaco. The area receives relatively high rainfall of around 1000 millimeters per year, which falls mainly as summer rain. The dry season in winter lasts about four months. In summer relatively high temperatures are reached with a January mean of 27.5 ° C, the winters are extremely mild with a July mean of 15.0 ° C.
Brazil – Regional Development Differences
With around 201 million residents (2014), Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world in terms of population after China, India, the USA and Indonesia. Nevertheless, the population density is only 22.4 residents per square kilometer – a tenth of the German figure – which is why Brazil still gives the impression of a sparsely populated country in large areas. In fact, there are significant differences in density within Brazil: the data fluctuates between 2 E./km 2 in the state of Roraima and 364 E./km 2 in the state of Rio de Janeiro and 403 E./km 2 in the federal district of Brasília. For more information about the continent of South America, please check cheeroutdoor.com.