Category: South America

Gran Chaco (Argentina) – Estancia
The Gran Chaco is an 800,000 square kilometer, sparsely populated plain east of the Andes (2.2 times the size of Germany), which belongs to Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay. The climate is subtropical, the natural vegetation is formed by dry forests. A characteristic of the actual vegetation today is a change from open grassland, light scrub forest and high forest, the latter especially in the areas of the small rivers that drain towards Paraná, which are preferred in terms of soil quality.

The map shows a section of the Argentine part of the Gran Chaco. The area receives relatively high rainfall of around 1000 millimeters per year, which falls mainly as summer rain. The dry season in winter lasts about four months. In summer relatively high temperatures are reached with a January mean of 27.5 ° C, the winters are extremely mild with a July mean of 15.0 ° C.

Brazil – Regional Development Differences
With around 201 million residents (2014), Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world in terms of population after China, India, the USA and Indonesia. Nevertheless, the population density is only 22.4 residents per square kilometer – a tenth of the German figure – which is why Brazil still gives the impression of a sparsely populated country in large areas. In fact, there are significant differences in density within Brazil: the data fluctuates between 2 E./km 2 in the state of Roraima and 364 E./km 2 in the state of Rio de Janeiro and 403 E./km 2 in the federal district of Brasília. For more information about the continent of South America, please check cheeroutdoor.com.

Venezuela History

Early When Columbus was the first European to see the Venezuelan coast around 500 years ago, the region had been populated for more than 4,000 years. The oldest ceramic finds…

Uruguay History

Beginnings When the Spanish sailors landed on the coast of what is now Uruguay from 1515, there were sometimes nomadic Indian tribes living there. The largest group among them were…

Suriname History

Colonial period The first residents of the South American country were the so-called Surinas, an Indian tribe on which the country’s name comes from. However, these had already been driven…

Peru History

Native American civilizations Archaeological finds point to human settlement in the area of ​​what is now Peru from around 12,000 BC. there. At first, people only lived as hunters and…

Paraguay History

Colonial period Before the Spaniards conquered the area of ​​today’s Paraguay from the northwest in the 30s of the 16th century, Indian tribes lived here as semi-nomads. In 1537 the…

Guyana History

Early times and colonization The first residents of Guiana immigrated to the region around the first millennium BC. It is believed that the Warrau Indians were the first and later…

Ecuador History

Early period until the 18th century Findings from the highlands of Ecuador date to around 10,000 years before the beginning of the Christian era. The ceramic finds from the Valdivia…

Colombia History

Early period until the 15th century Ceramics found in the region, which are among the oldest in the New World, are estimated to be around 5000 years old. From around…

Chile History

Early to modern times The prehistoric excavations in Chilean territory, which are among the oldest finds, can be found in Calama in the province of Antofagasta and point to traces…

Brazil History

On the Argentine-Brazilian border, Iguassú Falls are roaring with the force of 275 individual falls over an area of ​​more than three kilometers. The rumbling water plunges into the 90-meter…

Bolivia History

Early history to modern times The southern Titicaca basin, which had city-like centers, formed the historical-cultural center of Bolivia at the beginning of the Christian era and dominated large parts…

Argentina History

Early to modern times Archaeological finds indicate that in some areas of the current state territory since 10,000 BC. Collectors and hunters lived. The northwest of the country in particular…