Category: North America

INDIGENOUS PEOPLE
The image of the Indians of North America is still very much determined by those mounted tribes of the Great Plains, which, like the Sioux in 1876 on the “Little Big Horn”, tried to defend themselves against the associations of the American army with a bow and arrow.

Before the arrival of the Europeans, the number of Indians in what is now Canada and the USA is estimated to be one to two million people. This Indian population was culturally very differentiated and very unevenly distributed across the continent. The highest density was found in the forest regions of the east. In addition to hunting and fishing, agriculture was the main source of livelihood there. The tribes, some of which belong to the Algonquian language family, such as the Delawars and Mohicans, were destroyed early on by the population of European descent.

South of the Great Lakes, the Iroquois formed a powerful and warlike confederation of tribes for a long time. In the southeast, in the area of ​​the southern Appalachians, lived – also as arable farmers – the Creek, which belongs to the Muskogee language group, and the Cherokee, who are related to the Iroquois. They belonged to the core of the so-called five civilized tribes, which by the beginning of the 19th century had developed a high degree of political and cultural independence.

The way of life of the equestrian tribes of the Plains and Prairies developed in cultural contact with the Spaniards. The bison hunt formed their economic basis. The often warlike and mobile tribes such as the Sioux and Dakota in the north, the Cheyenne in the middle and the Apache and Comanche in the south belonged to very different language families. The Indians in the arid regions of the southwest were clearly distinguished from these groups. In addition to the large Navajo tribe, who developed in cultural contact with the Spaniards by taking over horses and sheep from hunters and gatherers to cattle breeders, there are the farming Pueblo Indians like the Hopi, who live in fixed villages. The Indian population in sparsely populated California lived primarily from collecting acorns. For more information about the continent of North America, please check cheeroutdoor.com.

PUERTO RICO ATTRACTIONS

The fortress that protects San Juan has defended the city since the 16th century against attacks by pirates, Spaniards and Americans, among others. To the beach to relax Puerto Rico…

United States History

Early period until the 15th century It was Christopher Columbus who gave the Native American name Indians: he thought he had found the western sea route to India and, without…

Trinidad and Tobago History

Discovery and settlement by Europeans When Christopher Columbus discovered the island of Trinidad during his third voyage in July 1498, it was presumably populated by the Arawak and the Caribbean…

Saint Lucia History

Beginnings The island of Saint Lucia was probably around the 2nd century AD. settled by Aruak Indians, who were displaced by members of the Caribe tribe from around the 8th…

Saint Kitts and Nevis History

European discovery When Christopher Columbus discovered the two islands on his second “West Indies” trip (1493-96), they were populated by members of the warlike tribe of the Caribbean. He named…

Panama History

Pre-European history Pre-European history points to human settlements that existed around 10,000 years before the beginning of the Christian era. Around 400 BC Settled groups lived on what is now…

Nicaragua History

Beginnings The area of ​​present-day Nicaragua was presumably already from 30,000 BC. settled. When Christopher Columbus discovered the east coast of the country on his third voyage in September 1502,…

Mexico History

Native American civilizations It is estimated that hunters and gatherers began to colonize the Mexican highlands 20,000 years before the beginning of the Christian era (from about 5500 BC also…

Jamaica History

Spanish rule Before the Europeans set foot on Jamaican soil with Christopher Columbus in May 1494, around 100,000 arawaks (or aruaks) lived here who had immigrated from South America in…

Honduras History

The region of today’s Honduras was inhabited even before the beginning of the Christian era. The Cop¨¢n ruins, in particular, indicate that the country was the center of Mayan civilization…

Haiti History

Settlement by Europeans On his first “West India” trip, Christopher Columbus discovered the mountainous island in 1492, on which the two states Haiti and Dominican Republic are located today. It…

Guatemala History

Early history to the Middle Ages The first traces of settlement point to tribes that lived in the region about 7500 years ago and founded the first permanent settlements about…

Grenada History

Discovery by Europeans When Christopher Columbus discovered the island of Grenada on his third voyage in 1498 and called it “Concepti¨®n”, members of the Caribbean tribe lived here, who had…

El Salvador History

Early period up to the 17th century Traces of settlement from the second millennium BC have been discovered in the area of ​​today’s El Salvador. Around 900 AD the area…

Dominican Republic History

Middle ages Around 700 AD Aruak tribes from Venezuela migrated via the Lesser Antilles to what is now the Dominican Republic. They were the culmination of cultural development before the…

Dominica History

Beginnings Even before Christopher Columbus discovered the island on his second “West India” trip, members of the Aruak Indians (Arawak) lived here, who were then displaced by the warlike tribe…

Cuba History

Early period until the 18th century The island of Cuba was populated by various Indian tribes even before the Christian era began. The first knowledge of agriculture was brought to…

Costa Rica History

Early to modern times Before the arrival of the Europeans, Central America ethnically formed a bridge between South and North America, which was inhabited by both nomadic and sedentary residents….

Canada History

Early history The first residents of Canada immigrated about 30,000 years ago over a land bridge between Siberia and Alaska that existed in the then ice age. It can therefore…

Belize History

The Mayan culture The area of ​​today’s Belize belonged to the heartland of the Mayas, whose empires in the wedding stretched from today’s southern Mexico via Belize and Guatemala to…

Barbados History

Country data Area: 430 km2 (world ranking: 184) Population: 286,000 Population density: 665 per km2 (as of 2017, world ranking: 174) Capital: Bridgetown Official languages: English Gross domestic product: 4.8…

Bahamas History

Spanish rule Before Christopher Columbus entered an island in what is now the Bahamas at the end of the 15th century, Aruak Indians lived there, who called the islands “Guanahani”…

Antigua and Barbuda History

In 1493, Christopher Columbus discovered Antigua on his second trip, who named it after a church in Seville (Santa Mar¨ªa de la Antigua). In the first half of the 17th…

North America

North America is the northern part of the American continent in surrounded north of the Arctic Ocean, east of the Atlantic Ocean and west of the Pacific Ocean. It is…